The complete list of non-practicing entities featured in the NPE Tracker:

Patent Assertion Entities

Acacia

  • Website:
    acaciaresearch.com
  • Founded:
    1992
  • Office(s):
    Newport Beach, CA
    Frisco, TX
  • Contact Information:
    500 Newport Center Drive
    7th Floor
    Newport Beach, CA 92660
    Phone: (949) 480-8300
    Fax: (949) 480-8301

Acacia (NASDAQ: ACTG) engages in the acquisition, development, licensing, and enforcement of patented technologies. The firm owns or controls over 250 patent portfolios in technologies ranging from medical devices and imaging techniques, to data security and wireless networks. In 2012, the firm expanded its wireless technology holdings through the acquisition of key wireless patents from Nokia Siemens Networks, and its $160 million acquisition of Adaptix – a pioneer in the 4G technology space. Acacia engages in continuous litigation over its patent portfolios, with notable mobile technology lawsuits against Apple, AT&T, Sprint and Verizon in late 2012.

Entities that use the corporate name “Acacia”:
  • Acacia Global Acquisition Corporation
  • Acacia Media Technologies Corporation
  • Acacia Media Technology Group
  • Acacia Patent Acquisition Corporation
  • Acacia Technologies Services Corporation
  • Acacia Intellectual Property Fund, L.P. (the “Acacia IP Fund”)
  • Acacia Research
Other Acacia subsidiaries are listed below. This includes data from Acacia’s historic SEC filings, litigation records, and press releases:
  • Adaptix
  • Apollo Patent
  • Automated Facilities Management Corporation
  • AV Technologies LLC
  • Brain Life, LLC
  • Broadcast Data Retrieval Corporation
  • Broadcast Innovation LLC
  • Computer Acceleration Corporation
  • Computer Cache Coherency Corporation
  • Computer Docking Station Corporation
  • Contacts Synchronization Corporation
  • Creative Internet Advertising Corporation
  • Credit Card Fraud Control Corporation
  • Criminal Activity Surveillance, LLC
  • Database Structures Inc.
  • Data Encryption Corporation
  • Data Innovation LLC
  • Diagnostic Systems Corporation
  • Digital Security Systems Corporation
  • Disc Link Corporation
  • DN Lookups
  • DRAM Technologies LLC/ DRAM Memories Technologies
  • Email Link Corporation
  • Financial Systems Innovation LLC
  • Fluid Dynamics Corporation
  • Gametek, LLC
  • High Resolution Optics Corporation
  • Hospital Systems Corporation
  • Information Technology Innovation LLC
  • InternetAd LLC/ InternetAd Systems
  • IP Innovation LLC
  • KY Data Systems LLC
  • Location Based Services Corporation
  • Micromesh Technology Corporation
  • Microprocessor Enhancement Corporation
  • Mobile Traffic Systems Corporation
  • New Medium LLC/ New Medium Technologies
  • Parallel Processing Corporation
  • Parking Security Systems Corporation
  • Peer Communications Corporation
  • Priority Access Solutions Corporation
  • Product Activation Corporation
  • Refined Recommendations Corporation
  • Remote Video Camera Corporation
  • Resource Scheduling Corporation
  • Safety Braking Corporation
  • Screentone Systems Corporation
  • Secure Access Corporation
  • Soundview Technologies LLC
  • Spreadsheet Automation Corporation
  • Technology Licensing Corp.
  • TechSearch LLC
  • Telematics Corporation
  • Unified Messaging Solutions, LLC
  • VData LLC

Back To Top

Intellectual Ventures

  • Website:
    intellectualventures.com
  • Founded:
    2000
  • Office(s):
    Bellevue, WA
    Los Altos, CA
    Las Vegas, NV
    Wilmington, DE
  • Contact Information:
    3150 139th Ave SE
    Building 4
    Bellevue, WA 98005
    Phone: (425) 467-2300

Intellectual Ventures is a privately held patent licensing and enforcement firm founded in 2000 by former Microsoft employees, Nathan Myhrvold and Edward Jung. The company is one of the largest patent holders in the United States, with roughly 40,000 patents in its portfolio. Intellectual Ventures obtains its patents through patent auctions, bankruptcy sales, and turnkey licensing contracts with smaller companies. In addition to aggressive licensing and litigation, Intellectual Ventures also offers its patents as defensive IP to notable investors like Verizon and Microsoft. Notable actions in 2012 include Intellectual Ventures’ patent lawsuits against AT&T, Sprint and T-Mobile concerning 15 patents for mobile technologies.

Intellectual Ventures has received widespread media and academic attention for its use of over 1200 alleged shell companies to house its patent assets. Courtesy of Plainsite.org, a full list of approximately 2000 potential shell companies will be available on the NPE tracker. Over the next few months, IP Checkups will vet this data to remove any non-IV affiliated companies, and determine if additional IV shell companies can be found.

Back To Top

Interdigital

  • Website:
    interdigital.com
  • Founded:
    1972
  • Office(s):
    Wilmington, DE
    San Diego, CA
    Melville, NY
    King of Prussia, PA
    Montreal, QC
  • Contact Information:
    200 Bellevue Parkway
    Suite 300
    Wilmington, DE 19809
    Phone: (302) 281-3600
    Fax: (302) 281-3763

Interdigital (NASDAQ:IDCC) is a research and development company that licenses wireless digital radio-telephone systems for voice and data communications. The company’s broad patent portfolio includes standards-essential patents for 2G, 3G, 4G, and IEEE 802 related technologies. Interdigital does not manufacture its own hardware, but instead licenses its patents to mobile device manufacturers, semiconductor companies, and other equipment producers in the digital cellular space. In September 2012 Interdigital sold roughly 1,700 of its patents to Intel for $375 million. In early January, 2013 Interdigital filed a complaint with the US International Trade Commission against 3G and 4G device manufacturers Huawei, Nokia, Samsung and ZTE, alleging that these companies sell and import products that infringe on Interdigital’s patents.

Entities that use the corporate name “Interdigital” (*previously “International Mobile Machines Corporation”):
  • InterDigital Asia KK
  • InterDigital Canada Ltee
  • InterDigital Communications
  • InterDigital Finance Corporation
  • InterDigital Germany GmbH
  • InterDigital Mobilecom, Inc.
  • InterDigital Patent Corporation
  • InterDigital Technology Corporation
  • InterDigital SE Asia, Ltd.
  • InterDigital Telecom, Inc.
  • InterDigital Facility Company
  • InterDigital IP Holdings, Inc.
  • InterDigital Patent Holdings, Inc.
  • InterDigital Wireless Holdings, Inc.
Other Interdigital subsidiaries are listed below. This includes data from Interdigital’s historic SEC filings:
  • Digital Cellular Corporation
  • IPR Licensing, Inc.* (Formerly InterDigital Advanced Technologies, Inc. and Tantivy Communications, Inc.)
  • Universal Service Telephone Corp.
  • USTC Supply Corporation
  • USTC World Trade Corporation
  • Wireless Digital Networks, Inc.
  • VID SCALE, Inc.

Back To Top

IPG Healthcare/ Electronics

  • Website:
    collercapital.com
    (No direct website for IPG Healthcare/Electronics)
  • Founded:
    2008
  • Office(s):
    St. Peter Port, Geurnsey, UK
  • Contact Information:
    IPG Healthcare
    St Julian’s Avenue, St Peter Port
    C/O Coller Investment Management Limited, Ogier House
    Geurnsey, UK GY1 1WA

    IPG Electronics
    Trafalgar Court
    Les Banques
    St. Peter Port, GGX GY1

Coller Investment Management Ltd. (a subsidiary of Coller Capital) is the manager and general partner of two stealth patent funds: IPG Healthcare and IPG Electronics. Many of IPG Healthcare/Electronics patents originate from IBM and Phillips. Though Coller has yet to assert IPG patents in court, these funds generate revenue from patent licensing and sales to entities that later assert IPG patents. For instance, through late 2011 and 2012, Facebook acquired patents from IPG Electronics, which were later used in a countersuit against Yahoo in 2012. Other IPG patents have been asserted against HTC Corporation, Apple and Cisco Systems.

Entities that use the corporate name “IPG Healthcare/ Electronics”:
  • IPG Healthcare 501 Ltd
  • IPG Electronics 502 Ltd
  • IPG Electronics 503 Ltd
  • IPG Electronics 504 Ltd

Back To Top

Mosaid

  • Website:
    mosaid.com
  • Founded:
    1975
  • Office(s):
    Ottawa, ON Canada
    Plano, TX
  • Contact Information:
    11 Hines Road
    Suite 203
    Ottawa, ON
    Canada K2K 2X1
    Phone: (613) 599-9539
    Fax: (613) 591-8148

Mosaid Technologies (TSX:MSD) is a Canadian firm that develops semiconductor memory technology, particularly in Dynamic Random Access Memory (DRAM) products, and licenses patents in wireless and semiconductor technology. Mosaid began its licensing program in the late 1990s and has since signed licensing agreements with numerous large semiconductor and wireless companies, including Fujitsu, NEC, Toshiba, Nokia, Panasonic, Samsung, and LG. Recently, in November, 2012 Mosaid sued Swiss chip maker STMicroelectronics Inc. (NYSE: STM), alleging that the company infringed eight microprocessor patents.

Entities that use the corporate name “Mosaid”:
  • Mosaid Technologies
  • Mosaid Corporation
Other Mosaid subsidiaries are listed below. This includes data from Mosaid’s website and press releases:
  • Core Wireless Licensing

Back To Top

Rambus

  • Website:
    rambus.com
  • Founded:
    1990
  • Office(s):
    Brecksville, OH
    Chapel Hill, NC
    San Francisco, CA
    Sunnyvale, CA
    Bangalore, India
    Minato-ku, Tokyo
    Seoul, Korea
    Taipei, Taiwan
  • Contact Information:
    1050 Enterprise Way
    Suite 700
    Sunnyvale, CA 94089
    Phone: (408) 462-8000
    Fax: (408) 462-8001

Rambus Incorporated (NASDAQ:RMBS) is a technology development and licensing company that focuses on high speed memory chips and more generally, digital electronics products and systems. The company’s main litigation and licensing efforts over the past few years have focused on standards patents in the DDR-SDRAM space. In September 2012, Rambus won a patent lawsuit against SK Hynix, entitling the company to royalty payments from SK Hynix based on RAND rates. In November, the firm lost a $4 billion antitrust lawsuit against Micron Technology Inc (NASDAQ: MU) and Hynix Semiconductor. Early January 2013, a judge barred Rambus from using 12 of its patents to demand royalties from Micron Technology, finding that Rambus engaged in a document-destruction campaign tied to intellectual-property litigation.

Entities that use the corporate name “Rambus”:
  • Rambus Delaware LLC
  • Rambus Deutschland GmbH (Germany)
  • Rambus International Ltd.
  • Rambus K.K. (Japan)
  • Rambus (Grand Cayman Islands, BWI)
  • Rambus Chip Technologies (India) Private Limited
  • Rambus Korea, Inc. (Korea)
Other Rambus subsidiaries are listed below. This includes data from Rambus’ press releases:
  • Cryptography Research

Back To Top

Rockstar

  • Website:
    ip-rockstar.com
  • Founded:
    2011
  • Office(s):
    Ottawa, ON
    Plano, TX
  • Contact Information:
    515 Legget Drive
    Suite 300
    Ottawa, Ontario
    K2K 3G4
    Phone: (613) 576-1000

Rockstar Consortium Inc., formerly Rockstar Bidco, is an organization that licenses patents acquired from Nortel Network’s bankruptcy proceedings in 2011. The company, jointly owned by Apple, Microsoft, RIM, Ericsson and Sony, invested $4.5 billion (of which Apple provided $2.6 billion) to acquire approximately 4000 Nortel patents related to networking, communications, and internet technologies. So far, Rockstar has yet to assert its patents in lawsuits. In November 2012, Apple bought 1024 patents from Rockstar, likely in an effort to bolster its mobile communications patent portfolio in the face of ongoing litigation.

Entities that use the corporate name “Rockstar”:
  • Rockstar Bidco
  • Rockstar Consortium

Back To Top

Round Rock

  • Website:
    roundrockresearch.com
  • Founded:
    2009
  • Office(s):
    Mt. Kisco, NY
  • Contact Information:
    P.O. Box 1042
    Mt. Kisco, NY 10549
    Phone: (888) 651-0028
    Fax: (914) 752-5531

John Desmerais, a former IP litigator at Kirkland & Ellis and current founding partner of Desmerais LLP, launched Round Rock Research after being approached by Micron Technology (NASDAQ: MU). Micron Technology, a manufacturer of dynamic random memory (DRAM) products, sold 4000 patents to Round Rock in 2009 and retained a license to use the technology. Since then, Desmerais has actively monetized the former Micron portfolio, gaining notable licensees like Apple, Samsung, and Sony. Intellectual Ventures has since hired Desmerais LLP for its own IP licensing negotiations and licenses its portfolio to Micron, suggesting a relationship between Intellectual Ventures and Round Rock Research.

Entities that use the corporate name “Round Rock”:
  • Round Rock Research LLC.

Back To Top

Tessera

  • Website:
    tessera.com
  • Founded:
    1990
  • Office(s):
    San Jose, CA
    Charlotte, NC
    Arcadia, CA
    Ballybrit, Galway, Ireland
    Bucarest, Romania
    Brasov, Romania
    Tel Aviv, Israel
    Tokyo, Japan
    Seoul, Korea
    New Taipei City, Taiwan
  • Contact Information:
    3025 Orchard Parkway
    San Jose, CA 95134
    Phone: (408) 321-6000
    Fax: (408) 321-8257

Tessera Technologies (NASDAQ:TSRA) develops and licenses miniaturization technologies for electronic devices, through inventions on chip-scale and wafer-level packaging, silicon-level interconnect and 3D packaging, and silent air cooling technology. Through its DigitalOptics subsidiary, Tessera also develops camera and image enhancement technologies for mobile devices and other applications. In early January, Tessera entered into a eight-year patent license agreement with South Korean semiconductor company, SK Hynix, ending an ongoing patent dispute.

Entities that use the corporate name “Tessera”:
  • Tessera Technologies, Inc.
  • Tessera Intellectual Property Corp.
  • Tessera, Inc.
  • Tessera Research LLC.
Other Tessera subsidiaries are listed below. This includes data from Tessera’s SEC filings:
  • Digital Optics Corp.
  • Invensas Corp.

Back To Top

Walker Digital

  • Website:
    walkerdigital.com
  • Founded:
    1994
  • Office(s):
    Stamford, CT
  • Contact Information:
    2 High Ridge Park
    Stamford, CT 06905

Walker Digital is a privately held research, patent acquisition, and licensing company that focuses on applications and business solutions in e-commerce, gaming, publishing, retailing, education and other industries. Walker Digital has spun out several operating companies, including priceline.com. In April 2011, Walker Digital launched 15 lawsuits against more than 100 companies, including Microsoft, eBay, Amazon, Facebook, WalMart, Groupon, Apple, Sony and Google. In the following months, Walker Digital earned over $25 million dollars in licensing revenue. Many of the cases are still pending, but several suits have been dismissed with prejudice, including those against Facebook, Activision, and MasterCard. Most recently, Walker Digital’s suit against Sony settled in December 2012, with Sony backing out of the litigation (Walker Digital claimed Sony’s Blu-ray disc players infringed its media interfacing patents).

Entities that use the corporate name “Walker Digital”:
  • Walker Digital, LLC
  • Walker Digital Management, LLC
  • Walker Digital Gaming, LLC
  • Walker Digital Table Systems, LLC
  • Walker Digital Lottery, LLC
  • Walker Digital Vending, LLC

Back To Top

Wi-Lan

  • Website:
    wi-lan.com
  • Founded:
    1992
  • Office(s):
    Ottawa, ON
    Miami, FL
    Stamford, CT
    Marshall, TX
  • Contact Information:
    11 Holland Avenue
    Suite 608
    Ottawa, ON
    Canada
    K1Y 4S1
    Phone: (613) 688-4900
    Fax: (613) 688-4894

WiLAN Inc. (TSX:WIN) engages in the development, patent acquisition and licensing of technologies in communication and consumer electronics. WiLAN’s patent portfolio includes Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, 3G and 4G cellular technologies; DSL and DOCSIS technologies; and V-Chip technology for Digital TV. In 2012, WiLAN expanded its patent holdings in the wireless networking space through an acquisition of 40 patents and patent applications from Siemens in July, and more than 150 patents and patent applications from Alvarion Ltd (NASDAQ:ALVR) in October. In December 2012 WiLAN launched patent litigation against Apple, HTC, and Sierra Wireless regarding LTE technologies and 3G HSPA handset products. At the same time, WiLAN launched patent litigation against Research In Motion (RIM), claiming that the company violated a WiLAN Bluetooth patent.

Entities that use the corporate name “Wi-LAN”:
  • Wi-LAN Capital Inc.
  • Wi-LAN International Inc.
  • Wi-LAN International Hong Kong Inc.
  • Wi-LAN International Japan Inc.
  • Wi-LAN International Taiwan Inc.
  • Wi-LAN USA, Inc.
Other Wi-LAN subsidiaries are listed below. This includes data from Wi-LAN’s website:
  • Gladios IP Inc.

Back To Top

Defensive Patent Aggregators

RPX

  • Website:
    rpxcorp.com
  • Founded:
    2008
  • Office(s):
    San Francisco, CA
  • Contact Information:
    One Market Plaza, Steuart Tower
    Suite 800
    San Francisco, CA 94105
    Phone: (866) 779-7641

RPX Corporation (NASDAQ:RPXC) is a spin-off of Intellectual Ventures, founded by former VPs of Licensing at Intellectual Ventures, John Amster and Geoffrey Barker. RPX is a defensive patent aggregator that buys patents or patent licenses, and then turns around and licenses these patents or patent rights to their member clients. As a result, RPX members are protected from litigation on these patents, and can defend themselves against future lawsuits by drawing upon RPX’s portfolio. RPX’s annual membership fees range from $65,000 to $6.9 million depending on the company’s operating income. RPX has pledged never to use its patents to engage in litigation. In April 2012 RPX closed a substantial deal with NPE Altitude Capital Partners (ACP), investing approximately $46 million of its own capital to acquire 500 US patents from ACP portfolio companies and dismiss 22 lawsuits against RPX member companies. In December 2012, Kodak sold its digital imaging patents to a consortium of Apple, Intellectual Ventures, and RPX – a transaction that granted 12 licensees access to Kodak’s patents: Apple, Google, Samsung, HTC, Facebook, Fujifilm, Microsoft, RIM, Adobe, Amazon, Huawei Technologies, and Shutterfly.

Entities that use the corporate name “RPX”:
  • RPX Corporation
  • RPX-NW Acquisition LLC.
  • RPX-LV Acquisition LLC.

Back To Top

Allied Security Trust

  • Website:
    alliedsecuritytrust.com
  • Founded:
    2008
  • Office(s):
    Lambertville, NJ
  • Contact Information:
    80 Lambert Lane, Suite 115
    Lambertville, NJ 08530
    Phone: (609) 397-8213
    Fax: (413) 460-4811

Allied Security Trust is a non-profit membership cooperative that buys and sells patents before they reach the hands of NPEs. AST members include, but are not limited to, ARM Limited, Avaya, Google, HP, IBM, Intel, Oracle, Philips, Sony, and Research in Motion. AST operates on a decentralized model. Members use their in-house technical expertise to vet patents on the marketplace, and once a member finds a desirable patent or patent portfolio, AST coordinates a purchase bid on the patent(s) with contributions from member companies. Members can always opt-in or out of bidding. If AST successfully bids and buys the patent(s), it then operates a “catch and release” program. AST encumbers the patents with licenses to all member companies that participated or contributed to the winning AST bid, before selling the patents no more than a year later on the patent secondary market. In November 2012, AST entered into an agreement with MIPS Technologies (NASDAQ:MIPS), a leading provider of processor architectures and cores for home entertainment, networking, mobile and embedded applications. Through its acquisition vehicle, Bridge Crossing LLC, AST acquired 498 of MIPS’ total 580 patent assets for a total sum of $350 million.

Allied Security Trust does not hold patents under its own name, but instead forms LLCs to acquire and license portfolios for specific investors in the LLC.

The names of AST LLC’s are listed below. This includes data from AST’s website:
  • Abraham Lane, LLC
  • Bent Light Technology, LLC
  • Black Maple, LLC
  • Blue Ladder, LLC
  • Blue Legend, LLC
  • Bollinger Lane, LLC
  • Bridge Crossing, LLC
  • Crescent Moon, LLC
  • Full Spectrum Technologies, LLC
  • Hawthorne Heights, LLC
  • Haystack Alley, LLC
  • Honeygo, LLC
  • Jefferson Valley, LLC
  • Jenny Hill, LLC
  • Lady Kensington, LLC
  • Liberty Lane, LLC
  • Meerkat Technology LLC
  • Overland Enterprises LLC
  • Peripheral Vision, LLC
  • Pleasant View, LLC
  • Red Acre, LLC
  • Red Fern Valley, LLC
  • Ringsoft, LLC
  • River Road Technologies, LLC
  • River Works, LLC
  • Rooster Row, LLC
  • Sage Technology, LLC
  • Seven Circle, LLC
  • Shiftlink, LLC
  • Silent River, LLC
  • Stature Ventures, LLC
  • Trey Run, LLC
  • Tudor Empire, LLC
  • TurnBridge Wells, LLC
  • Tuttle Lane, LLC
  • Twister Investments, LLC

Back To Top

Academic/Research Entities

Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO)

  • Website:
    csiro.au
  • Founded:
    1926
  • Office(s):
    Across Australia
  • Contact Information:
    Ian Wark Laboratory Bayview Avenue
    Clayton VIC 3168
    Australia
    Phone: +61 3 9545 2176

The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) is Australia’s national science agency. The organization has 6,500 employees at 57 different sites throughout Australia and abroad. CSIRO conducts its research through 12 divisions, the business units of the organization: Animal, Food and Health Sciences; Astronomy and Space Science; Earth Science and Resource Engineering; Ecosystem Sciences; Energy Technology; ICT Centre; Land and Water; Marine and Atmospheric Research; Materials Science and Engineering; Mathematics, Informatics, and Statistics; Plant Industry; Process Science and Engineering. CSIRO garnered attention in the United States in 2005, when it launched a years-long patent litigation campaign surrounding a fundamental wireless LAN (WiFi) patent. In April 2012, CSIRO achieved a $229 million settlement from a nine wireless device companies and chip manufacturers, including Broadcom, T-Mobile, AT&T, and Lenovo – on top of a $205 million settlement in 2009.

Back To Top

Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation (WARF)

  • Website:
    warf.org
  • Founded:
    1925
  • Office(s):
    Madison, WI
  • Contact Information:
    614 Walnut Street, 13th floor
    Madison, WI 53726
    Phone: (608) 263-2500
    Fax: (608) 263-1064

The Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation (WARF) is the private, nonprofit technology transfer arm of University of Wisconsin-Madison. WARF patents inventions arising from UW-Madison, licenses the technologies to companies for commercialization, and returns the licensing income to the university in the form of research and building grants. Since its founding, WARF has earned over $800 million in licensing revenues and returned over $1.2 billion to UW-Madison. Notable patents in WARF’s portfolio include patents on synthetic Vitamin D in food and drugs, embryonic stem cells and non-human primate stem cells, and blood thinners Coumadin and Warfarin. In December 2012, WARF launched a patent lawsuit against WH Nutritionals and Virtus Pharmaceuticals over a patent covering calcium formate as a dietary supplement.

Back To Top